The Han Empire put into comparison with the Roman empire in a speculative and Hypothetical clash between these two giants.
Links to more Roman videos
Testudo and Marching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f3i5lbApRUg
Roman Fencing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ldm61zS0CMQ
Roman Military Power: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rb_aEx2sjOQ
Roman Late Empire: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Snua5RCRiDI
Roman Navy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=864QwEgsAHQ
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intro ES_Knights Templar 1 - Johannes Bornlöf
intro 2 ES_Medieval Adventure 01 - Johannes Bornlöf
outro ES_Knights Templar 2 - Johannes Bornlöf
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Ancient Rome was originally an Italic settlement dating from the 8th century BC that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.
Ancient Roman civilisation has contributed to modern government, law, politics, engineering, art, literature, architecture, technology, warfare, religion, language and society. Rome professionalised and expanded its military and created a system of government called res publica, the inspiration for modern republics such as the United States and France. It achieved impressive technological and architectural feats, such as the construction of an extensive system of aqueducts and roads, as well as the construction of large monuments, palaces, and public facilities.
By the end of the Republic (27 BC), Rome had conquered the lands around the Mediterranean and beyond: its domain extended from the Atlantic to Arabia and from the mouth of the Rhine to North Africa. The Roman Empire emerged with the end of the Republic and the dictatorship of Augustus Caesar. 721 years of Roman-Persian Wars started in 92 BC with their first war against Parthia. It would become the longest conflict in human history, and have major lasting effects and consequences for both empires. Under Trajan, the Empire reached its territorial peak. Republican mores and traditions started to decline during the imperial period, with civil wars becoming a prelude common to the rise of a new emperor.
The Han Dynasty ruled China from 206 B.C. to 220 A.D. It is renowned for its promotion of Confucianism as the state religion and opening the Silk Road trade route to Europe.
Liu Bang seized the title of emperor of the Han Dynasty in 202 B.C. He established the Han capital of Chang’an along the Wei River in one of the few surviving palaces of the Qin Dynasty and took the name Emperor Gaozu. The period of time where Chang’an served as the capital of the empire is known as the Western Han. It would last until around 23 A.D.
Following Gaozu’s death in 195 BC, the Empress Lu Zhi made an attempt to take control by murdering a few of Gaozu’s sons. The power struggle lasted for 15 years when Gaozu’s son Emperor Wan slaughtered Lu Zhi’s family and became emperor.
Confucianism gained popularity among Han royalty around 135 B.C. during the early reign of Emperor Wu.
In 138 B.C., a man named Zhang Qian was sent on a mission by Emperor Wu to make contact with tribes to the west. He reached Afghanistan, in an area known as Bactria, which was under Greek control. In Bactria, Zhang Qian saw bamboo and textiles brought from China. He was told that the items came from a kingdom in Afghanistan called Shendu.
Thirteen years after he had left, Zhang Qian made his way back to the Emperor and mapped out a route to send an expedition back there. The map and this route was used more and more, and developed into the international trade route known as the Silk Road.
The Han Dynasty’s predilection for court intrigue eventually got the best of it. In 189 A.D., a minor war in the palace broke out between the Empress Dowager’s family and the eunuch allies of the young emperor.
As the situation deteriorated, the military marched in to to take control in a conflict that would last until 220 A.D., when the last Han emperor was dethroned and the dynasty finished.
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